Index of articles
You may be surprised to learn that Botox a drug most famous for itâ€™s ability to reduce facial wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing specific musclesâ€”has a number of potential sexual applications. For instance, it has been used to treat vaginismus and it is currently being studied as a treatment for premature ejaculation (learn more here).
But thatâ€™s not allâ€”some doctors have also studied Botox as a potential penis enlargement treatment. Yep, you read that right.
Specifically, in a 2009 study published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, a group of medical doctors reported on the results of a small study of 10 men who received Botox injections in order to treat a â€œhyperactive retraction reflexâ€ of the penis.
In other words, these are guys who have penises that are perfectly normal in size, but who experience greater than usual retraction or â€œshrinkageâ€ of the penis in certain situations, such as when theyâ€™re cold or stressed. To the extent that other people are around to witness this, these guys report feeling embarrassed.
This reflex is a function of contraction of the dartos muscle, which is a thin layer of muscle that sits just under the skin of the penile shaft and scrotum.
What the doctors in this study did was make 4 injections (ouch!) to the base of the penisâ€”two below the penis where it meets with the scrotum and two above where the penis meets with the pubic area. Doctors then followed up with these patients several times over the next 8 months to assess the outcomes.
The vast majority of patients (70%) reported that the frequency and severity of penile retraction decreased substantially and said they were satisfied with the outcome. The remaining 30% reported no effect and were dissatisfied.
Objective penile measurements demonstrated that penile length was indeed greater post-injection, even when ice was applied to the penis (yepâ€”doctors literally iced these guysâ€™ members before and after injecting them to see what happened to their size). Specifically, after the injections, penises remained about Â½ inch longer when exposed to cold.
However, I should note that these changes were specific to flaccid penis sizeâ€”there were no changes in erection size.
No side effects were reported, and the effects lasted up to six months (although they began to fade somewhat after four months). In other words, continual injections would be required to maintain the effect.
So there you have itâ€”Botox does appear to be a potential method for increasing penis length. However, its applications are limited in that, as far as we know, it can only be used to temporarily maintain a larger flaccid penis size among men who have a particularly strong shrinkage reflex.
Science is one of humanityâ€™s most interesting enterprises because it is uniquely positioned to answer certain fundamental questions, such as: What is life? How old is the universe? aaaaaand how do I double my penis size? Letâ€™s consider that last one for a second. Just how does one double oneâ€™s penis size anyway?
Now, Iâ€™m SURE all our male readers are perfectly happy with their penis size, and have no feelings of inadequacy whatsoever about their manhood. Itâ€™s not like thatâ€™s part of the universal male experience or anything like that.
All the same, letâ€™s assume there was some man out there somewhere, who for some bizarre reason wanted to make his penis even bigger. What can science tell this man about his junk?
A recent case study managed to shed some light on the nascent field of giant cock science: a Pakistani man was having some hormonal issues, including a lack of body hair, an inability to grow a full beard, and a less-than-average amount of morning erections.
It should also be mentioned â€“ and thereâ€™s no good way to put this â€“ the doctors noted that the man had a seriously tiny weenie for a man of his age, about the size of a childâ€™s.
It turns out the poor guy had an undiagnosed case of hypogonadism, which is a condition linked to low testosterone production. Testosterone is considered to be â€œa critical hormone for sexual, cognitive, and body function and developmentâ€. As part of his treatment, he got a series of testosterone injections over several months.
And his penis doubled in size. Doubled! As did his balls.
Hopefully he felt a little bit better after getting that result. No doubt there are many men in the world who would pay tens of thousands of dollars for a series of injections that would give them a similar result.
In any case, testosterone injections are serious stuff, and arenâ€™t meant to be used for cosmetic purposes. The endocrine system is crucial to many aspects of health, and is linked to many different kinds of cancer.
So keep that in mind before you go trying to find an intravenous testosterone drip for your johnson.
And always remember fellas: itâ€™s not about the size of the boat; itâ€™s about the motion of the ocean.
Jihadist groups have long fixated on chemical and biological weapons, from al Qaeda's pre-9/11 programs, in places such as the Deronta training camp in Afghanistan, to its 2003 plot to deploy improvised cyanide weapons on subways. Now there are growing fears that Islamic State militants in Libya have access to such weapons and could use them in battle or in terrorist attacks in the West. However, these fears are overblown. Chemical weapons have been an ineffective tool for terrorists in the past, and the challenges of transporting large quantities of chemical materials â€” though surmountable â€” nearly always outweigh the benefits for terrorist groups.
Recent concern over Libya's chemical weapons stems from the Islamic State's capture of several sites where former Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi reportedly produced and stockpiled chemical agents. Specifically, observers fear that militants will find and use sarin, a clear, unassuming liquid that when vaporized acts as a nerve agent that can cause paralysis and respiratory failure. When inserted into rocket warheads and artillery shells and properly employed, the chemical agent could help the Islamic State decimate opponents in its battle for control over the region.
But while the group has used some chemical weapons in Iraq and Syria, where it manufactures small amounts of low-quality chlorine gas and mustard agent, there is no indication at all that it has access to sarin. Nor has there been any sign that the Islamic State is trying to export chemical weapons out of Syria and Iraq â€” perhaps in part because it has had such mixed success with chemical weapons closer to home. In 2007, Islamic State predecessor al Qaeda in Iraq deployed several large truck bombs laced with chlorine, but the attack inflicted few casualties. The Islamic State's own chemical attacks against rebel opponents have been only marginally successful and have not produced the mass casualties the group hoped for.
In Libya, No Sign of Chemical Weapons
Unlike their counterparts in Iraq and Syria, Islamic State militants in Libya have not used any chemical weapons so far. They did manage to take over numerous sites where Gadhafi's government allegedly stored sarin, but the facilities may well have been empty or destroyed before their arrival. During the multilateral intervention in Libya, the United States and its allies heavily targeted sites associated with the country's chemical weapons program. And what Western powers could not bomb, they may have bought. After the revolution, U.S. and other foreign intelligence services purchased weapons in the country to keep them out of regional arms markets. Regardless, even in the midst of incredibly brutal battles against the government and other jihadist groups, the Islamic State has not used any lingering remnants of the Gadhafi administration's chemical weapons program.
If some of the former government's sarin stockpiles did survive, they would likely be useless by now. Sarin degrades quickly, and countries often wait to produce it until just before an attack. In fact, U.S. chemical warheads had separate chambers to keep the chemicals apart until deployment. Any sarin mixed before Gadhafi's fall has long since expired, and after being stored in half-ruined facilities for five years, any precursor chemicals â€” and the equipment needed to mix them â€” may be just as useless.
If the Islamic State in Libya did have access to sarin or other chemical agents, we believe it would use them on the battlefield in Libya before attempting to export them abroad as its counterparts in Iraq and Syria have done.
Little Potential for Attacks in the West
If the Islamic State could transport enough chemical agent into Western countries for an attack, the group would no doubt use it. However, a mass-casualty chemical weapons attack would require a large amount of nerve agent. Beyond the difficulties the Islamic State would face transporting it, once in the target country militants would have trouble formulating an effective plan for using it. In Iraq, al Qaeda used some old chemical artillery rounds filled with sarin in improvised explosive devices; more recently in Iraq and Syria, the group used mortar rounds filled with mustard agent and chlorine. But an attack in a Western country would require a new and unfamiliar method.
In fact, no sarin attack in the West would be worth the effort: While a small quantity of an agent such as sarin can theoretically kill many people, using it to cause mass casualties is a challenge. There is a reason military attack plans involving chemical weapons include extensive barrages of artillery or rocket artillery carrying large quantities of agents such as sarin to generate a thick, choking cloud. Small releases of chemical agents are far less effective, and it is difficult to administer a lethal dose of something like sarin, which is a very volatile substance that dissipates quickly.
The Islamic State would not be the first terrorist group to find the use of chemical weapons a daunting and ineffective way to wreak havoc on civilian populations. In the 1980s, Aum Shinrikyo, a Japanese terrorist group, used sarin in multiple attacks and poured millions of dollars into biological and later chemical weapons production programs, with few results. In addition to sarin, the group used hydrogen cyanide gas, anthrax and botulinum toxin in its largely failed attempts to orchestrate dramatic mass casualty attacks. For example, in Aum Shinrikyo's 1995 strikes against the Tokyo subway system, group members on five different subway trains punctured 11 plastic bags filled with sarin, yet killed only 12 people.
It is far easier, cheaper and more deadly to plan and execute attacks using explosives or firearms than it is to attempt to smuggle chemical agents into a Western country. This has been proved time and again by chemical weapons terrorist attacks such as those conducted by Aum Shinrikyo and al Qaeda in Iraq. All are relative failures compared with bombing operations, such as the Madrid or London train attacks in 2004 and 2005, and with armed assaults such as the November Paris attack. In the end, the real-world simplicity and effectiveness of simple bombs and jihadist armed assaults will prevail over the attraction of chemical weapons.
Index of articles